Great Wall of China: Why Was It Built and Who Built It? – History

The Chinese displayed their great engineering and architectural skills, via various structures and monuments and, the Great Wall of China is a depiction of the same. The Great Wall of China is an ancient wall in China built from cement, rocks, bricks, and powdered dirt, it was built across the historical northern borders of China.

Do you know that this wall is the longest wall in the world?

The Great Wall of China is the longest wall in the world and it extends up to 21,196.18 km and is 8 m high and 7 m wide. The Great Wall of China is actually a collective name of a series of fortification systems, it has about 16000 towers across the length of the wall, and each tower is built at an interval of 150 m and it is 14 feet high.

Why was this wall built?

This wall was built to protect and consolidate the territories of Chinese states and empires against various nomadic groups. Each tower has soldiers who keep a watch over the enemy and ward off any attacks by them.

Emperor Shi Huang Ti ordered the construction of the Great wall around 221 B.C. It is also considered as one of the seven wonders of the world, and surprisingly it is the only man-made object which is visible from space.

MCQs

1. What is the length of the Great Wall of China?
a. 20180.18 km
b. 22190.18 km
c. 22596.18 km
d. 21196.18 km

2. Who ordered the construction of the wall?
a. Confucius
b. Zhang Heng
c. Lao Tse
d. Shi Huang Ti

3. How many towers were built across the length of the wall?
a. 17000
b. 15000
c. 14000
d. 16000

4. Why was the Great Wall built?
a. For protection from cold winds
b. For shelter purposes
c. For tourism purposes
d. To protect from invaders

5. The Great Wall of China was built around _______.
a. 224 BC
b. 223 BC
c. 220 BC
d. 221 BC

Read More: Pagoda and Mausoleum: Contribution of the Chinese Civilization

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