Firoz Shah Tughlaq: Tughlaq Dynasty - Why Was His Reign Famous?



Firoz Shah Tughlaq

After the death of Muhammad binTughlaq, Firoz Shah Tughlaq became the new ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. At the time of his accession, the condition of the empire was very bad.

 

Do you know, who was Firoz Shah Tughlaq?

 

Firoz Shah Tughlaq was a Turkish Muslim who ruled over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 AD to 1388 AD. He succeeded his cousin Muhammad binTughlaq. He tried to crush the rebellions but was not successful.

 

Do you know, why was the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq famous?

 

His reign was famous as he took several steps for the general welfare of his empire. Let us learn about that.
� He reduced the land tax and started new irrigation schemes and built new canals for the betterment of agriculture.
� He built dispensaries, mosques, and hospitals.
� He also provided the grant to the poor by setting up a department of charity known as Diwan-i-Khairat.
� He set up a different department to look after the slaves and also banned the inhuman punishments like cutting of hand, nose, etc.
� He also established an employment bureau to provide jobs to unemployed people.

 

The Tughlaq dynasty began to decline after the death of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The final decline of the Tughlaq dynasty happened after the invasion of the Timur, the Mongol ruler of Samarkand.

 

Firoz Shah Tughlaq- MCQs

 

1. Who was the last emperor of the Tughlaq dynasty?
a) Muhammad bintughlaq
b) GhiyasuddinTughlaq
c) Ibn Battuta
d) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

 

2. What was the name of the department of the charity set up Firoz Shah Tughlaq?
a) Diwan-i-Khaas
b) Diwan-i-Aam
c) Diwan-i-Insha
d) Diwan-i-Khairat

 

3. Who was Timur?
a) A Turkish ruler
b) A Chinese ruler
c) A Persian ruler
d) A Mongol ruler

 

4. Firoz Shah Tughlaq ruled for about how many years?
a) 25 year
b) 20 year
c) 27 year
d) 37 year

 

5. Which of the following step was not taken by Firoz Shah for the welfare of the empire?
a) Construction of mosque and dispensary
b) Better Irrigation facility
c) Establishment of the employment bureau
d) Increment in land tax

 

Read More:
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq: Transfer Of Capital From Delhi To Devagiri

 

What was Firoz Shah famous for?

Feroz Shah is most known for commissioning structures with architectural shapes that were considered unusual at the time. He is also credited with inventing India's irrigation system, which involves channelling rivers to supply water to a vast portion of the country via canals. country.

Was Firoz Shah Tughlaq a good king?

He was the most well-liked among a large number of nobility in Tughlaq's court, and he had the sultan's trust. Maqbul was referred to as 'brother' by Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq. Khan-i-Jahan (Malik Maqbul) was the true ruler of Delhi, according to the sultan.

Who was the prime minister of Firoz Shah Tughlaq?

During this time, the Wazir assisted the Sultan in his administration and maintained the Sultanate's prestige.

Who introduced canal system in India?

Firoz Shah Tughlaq is credited with being the first ruler in India to introduce canal irrigation. He developed the largest network of canals and other facilities because he was very concerned about the empire's infrastructure.

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