Civil Rights Movement in USA
Similar restrictions were being placed on the Blacks even after the Second World War though they had rendered a great service to the U.S.A. in various fields of war. A powerful civil rights movement was started in the 1950s and it achieved great success. It is sometimes called the Black Power Movement.
The main aims of this movement were to bring an end to the discrimination against the Black people, their segregation, and poverty and to gain the right to vote for them.
The policy of segregation in armed forces ended during the presidency of Trueman. In 1954, the Supreme Court rejected the doctrine of separate but equal’. This brought an end to separate educational facilities for the Blacks. In 1967,17 Black children gained admission in a school in the town of Little Rock in Arkansas.
Martin Luther King was the most powerful leader of the Civil Rights Movement and he launched a non-violent protest against segregation and discrimination. As a result of his efforts, segregation in buses ended in the state of Alabama.
‘Sit-ins’ were started by the students in restaurants. According to this program, they remained sitting in restaurants when they were refused to be served. Luther started the movement for the registration of Blacks as voters. Those who took part in these movements had to suffer many hardships and atrocities. He organized a huge rally in Washington. As a result, Civil Rights were recognized as legal rights.
Fight For Civil Rights And Equality
There is no country in the world where there are no diversities either based on color, sex, creed, religion, or race. Those democratic countries are successful which try to accommodate these diversities in an amicable way and their ships without any wreck.
But some democratic countries learned this lesson after a good deal of hesitation and unnecessary conflicts. Some such countries were South Africa and even the United States of America; what to speak of others.
Although the UNO. adopted the Universal Declaration of HUMAN Rights as back as December 10, 1948, but still these countries continued to deny these rights to some of their residents for a much longer time. Refusal to tolerate diversity in race, naturally led to long struggles some of which would be discussed in the coming modules.