How Teaching Has Evolved from Gurukul to Online Learning
4 months ago in General
The education sector of India has undergone a lot of rapid changes over the last few decades. Technology has transformed many commercial and non-commercial sectors in India, and the education sector is one of the major beneficiaries of modern technologies. Education is often confused with literature. Making people literate is an objective of education, but it is not the only objective. Through education, human beings develop skills, knowledge, and social values. Teachers play a pivotal role in educating the entire nation.
Let us take a deeper look at the journey of the education system in India. It would be interesting to know how the sector has transformed with the advent of time.
The Gurukul System in India
Around the third century BC, India used to be considered as the education hub of the world. From Aryabhatta to Silabhadra, many notable scholars and sages can be named from this era. The Gurukul system used to be led by gurus or teachers. Pupils in Gurukul used to learn Veda and social value systems. Along with these things, students also need to undergo skill-based training. Society used to be divided into four categories at that time, and these categories are Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Sudra. Since Kshtiyas used to be fighters, their kids had to undergo training to deal with weapons. Similarly, kids of the Vaishya community had to learn business skills in Gurukul as Vaishya refers to the business community. Overall, skill-based training was equally important in the Gurukul along with the training to learn the social value system.
Indian Education under British Colonials
After the arrival of British colonials, the education system in India started to acquire signs of modernization with Western influences. As soon as the textbooks arrived, the Indian education system started undergoing revolutionary changes. Schools, colleges, and universities were built in a Western-style to modernize the education system of the country. At the same time, English turned into a main communicative language for education. Sanskrit started losing its importance as a language.
Digitalization of Education System in Modern India
After attaining independence from British colonial rulers, education was a top priority for the Indian government. A lot of universities, colleges, and IITs were built to educate the future generations of the nation. The sector is still under the development process. With the growth of internet-based communication, the digitalization of education has become another significant change in the Indian education sector. From paperbacks, students are shifting towards learning via online videos, games, etc.
Roles of Teachers in Modern Education System in India
The significance of the guru or teacher in the education system has always remained crucial. With the advent of digitized learning, teachers still play a crucial role to help the students to develop skills and understand social values. To acknowledge and respect the immense contribution of the teaching fraternity towards the education system of the nation, 5th September has been celebrated as the Teachers’ Day. The day has been remembered for being the birthday of a great Indian scholar and teacher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Let’s give a tribute to the teachers on this auspicious day.