Everything about the 9 Important Rivers of India!

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Everything about the 9 Important Rivers of India!

It was more than 5,000 years ago, the first-ever civilization flourished in India on the banks of River Indus. It is known as The Indus Valley Civilization. India has always been a land of rivers. There are nine important rivers in India that have made the land fertile and along with their tributaries, these rivers have been feeding India with the all-important natural resource; water.

In the following section of this article, you will be offered a brief insight into some of the important facts related to the nine major rivers in India. It would help you gain a better understanding of the significance of these water bodies which has been draining our soil for more than a couple of centuries

9 Important Rivers in India and Some Details Related to them

When it comes to the 9 major rivers in India, it is not very difficult to choose. Though, there are many rivers that are flowing all over the country; these nine rivers are the ones which have played a major role in India’s development in different fields

1. River Ganga: Also known as The Ganges, the river Ganga has a high religious significance in India, especially to the Hindu community. This river originates at a place called “Gomukh” which is located deep inside the Himalayas and it gradually flows down through the plane lands and passes down to Bangladesh. Ganga is the lifeline to millions of Indians. However, it cannot be ignored, that Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers in the world which has endangered many species, including 140 different types of fishes and even humans.

Here is some useful information about the Ganga River.

  • Length: 2525km
  • Area: 1080000 km²
  • Place of Origin: Devaprayag, in the state of Uttarakhand
  • Ends at: In the district of Murshidabad in West Bengal
  • States Covered: The River Ganges flows across different states in India that include Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Punjab, Bihar, Rajasthan, Delhi, and West Bengal
  • List of Tributaries: Here is the list of tributaries of the Ganges river
  1. · Atari River
  2. · Alakananda River
  3. · Bhilangana River
  4. · Gandaki River
  5. · Ghandhara
  6. · Gomti River
  7. · Koshi River
  8. · Mandakini River
  9. · Naryanaki River
  10. · Nandakini River
  11. · Punpun River
  12. · Ramganga
  13. · Sarayu
  14. · Son River
  15. · Tamsa River
  16. · Varuna River
  17. · Yamuna

2. Godavari River: After Ganga, Godavari is the second longest river in India. This river forms one of the largest river basins. Like Ganga, Godavari also holds a special position in Hindu religion and it has been nourishing the rich and fertile land of India for ages

Here is some useful information about the Ganga River.

  • Length: 1465km
  • Area: 312,812km²
  • Place of Origin: Triambakeshwar in Maharashtra
  • Ends at Bay of Bengal, in the state of West Bengal
  • The Major States and Cities Covered: The Godavari river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Maharashtra, Nasik, Jalna, Beed, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry
  • List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river
  1. · Adan River
  2. · Banganga River
  3. · ChulkiNala
  4. · Darna River
  5. · Indravati River
  6. · Kadam River
  7. · Maner River
  8. · Nasardi River
  9. · Pench River
  10. · Sabari River
  11. · Shivana River
  12. · Wardha River

3. Krishna: It is the fourth biggest river in India. It covers a journey of 1400 km and is also known by the name of “Krishnaveni”. This river is one of the major sources of water for irrigation in the states of Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka

Here is some useful information about the Krishna River.

  • Length: 1400 km
  • Area: 258948km²
  • Place of Origin: The Western Ghats, near Mahabaleswar
  • Ends At: Bay of Bengal
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Krishna River flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telengana and Karnataka
  • List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river
  1. · Bhima
  2. · Dindi
  3. · Peddavagu
  4. · Musi
  5. · Halia
  6. · Munneru
  7. · Paleru
  8. · Venna
  9. · Koyna
  10. · Panchganga
  11. · Dudhganga
  12. · Malaprabha
  13. · Ghatarabha
  14. · Tungabhadra

4. Kaveri: The Kaveri River has been nourishing the fertile soil of South India since thousands of years. It flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The water of this river is primarily used for the purpose of irrigation, hydro electricity and for household consumption

Here is some useful information about the Krishna River.

  • Length: 805 km
  • Area: 81155km²
  • Place of Origin: The Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka
  • Ends at: It ends at Poompuhar in Tamil Nadu where it flows into the Bay of Bengal
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Kaveri river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
  • List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river
  1. · Noyyal River
  2. · Amaravathi River
  3. · Kabini River
  4. · Harangi River
  5. · LakshmanaTirtha
  6. · Bhavani River
  7. · Hemavati River

5. Yamuna: The name “Yamuna” has been derived from the Sanskrit word “Yama” which means twins. This river runs parallel to the Ganga River. This river originates from the “Yamunotri” glacier, which is situated at a height of 6387 meters. Almost 70% of Delhi’s water supply comes from this river

Here is some useful information about the Yamuna River.

  • Length: 1367 km
  • Area: 366223km²
  • Place of Origin: Yamunotri, in the state of Uttarakhand
  • Ends at: Triveni Sangam
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Yamuna river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh

List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river

  1. · Hindon River
  2. · Tons River
  3. · Ken River
  4. · Sindh River
  5. · Chambal River
  6. · SasurKhaderi River

6. Brahmaputra: The Brahmaputra River flows through the countries of China, India and Bangladesh. It’s a trans-boundary river and is one of the biggest in Asia. The name “Brahmaputra” means “Son of Bramha” in Sanskrit

Here is some useful information about the Yamuna River.

  • Length: 2900 km
  • Area:712035km²
  • Place of Origin: Bhagirath Glacier in Tibet
  • Ends at The Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Brahmaputra river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Assam, Guwahati, Arunachal Pradesh, Tezpur and Dibrugarh

List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river

  1. · Beki River
  2. · Dibang River
  3. · Jinal River
  4. · Lhasa River
  5. · Kolong
  6. · Kopili River
  7. · Reting Tsangpo

These are the major tributaries of the Brahmaputra River

7. Mahanadi: Mahanadi is one of the major rivers of Eastern and Central India and it flows through the states of Odhisa and Chhattisgarh and it ends at the Bay of Bengal. The name “Mahanadi” literally means “Big River”

Here is some useful information about the Mahanadi River.

  • Length: 858 km
  • Area: 141600km²
  • Place of Origin: In the state of Chhattisgarh in India
  • Ends At: False Point in the state of Odisha
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Mahanadi River flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Chattisgarh, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Sonepur, Boudh

List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river

  1. · Jonk
  2. · Seonath
  3. · Mand
  4. · Hasdo
  5. · Lb
  6. · Tel
  7. · Ong

8. Narmada: Also known by the name of “Rewa”, it is the third-largest river of Central India. It is said to be the lifeline of the states of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

Here is some useful information about the Mahanadi River.

  • Length:1312 km
  • Area: 98796km ²
  • Place of Origin: Narmada Kund in the state of Madhya Pradesh
  • Ends At: Gulf of Khambhat
  • Major States and Cities Covered: The Narmada river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Mandhata, Rajkot, Dharmapuri, Maheshwar, Omkareshwar, Bharuch, Mandla

List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river

  1. · Dudhi river
  2. · Burhner river
  3. · Banjar river
  4. · Shakkar river
  5. · Chhotatawa river
  6. · Karjan river

9. Tapti: River Tapti runs through Central India, between the Godavari and Narmada River. It flows into the Arabian Sea. This river has derived its name from Goddess Tapti, who is the daughter of Goddess Chhaya and the Sun God

Here is some useful information about the Tapti River.

  1. Length: 724 km
  2. Area: N/A
  3. Place of Origin: Multai
  4. Ends At Gulf of Khambhat
  5. Major States and Cities Covered: The Tapti river flows through different states and cities of India, which includes Gujarat, Surat, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Multai, Maharashtra, Burhanpur, Nepanagar, Madhya Pradesh

List of Tributaries: Here is a list of the tributaries of this river

  1. · Girna
  2. · Mausam
  3. · Gomai
  4. · Purna
  5. · Panzara

India owes a lot to these rivers for being the largest producer of different types of crops in the world. Besides, these rivers have also played an instrumental role in the process of irrigation, industrial development and also building new towns and cities. Over the last couple of decades, some of the major rivers of the country were facing issues due to improper usage and non-maintenance. Thankfully, the governments of India and or other states have taken note of this and drastic measures are being taken to improve the condition of these rivers

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