Everything about 7 Prominent Mountain Ranges of India!
4 months ago in Knowledge Feed
Some of the highest mountain roads and mountain ranges in the world are located in India. To be precise, there are 7 major mountain ranges of the world which are located in India and the combined height of their peaks is more than 1000 meters.
Out of these, the most famous one is, of course, the Himalayan mountain range, which also happens to be the highest one in the world. Though formed millions of years ago, the Himalayan mountain range is still being categorized as “Young Mountain” and its longest-range is located in India. It is the Himalayan mountain range that bisects rest of Asia from India and is the source of some of the most important rivers in India
In the following section of this article, you will be offered a brief insight into some of the interesting facts with regards to the 7 major mountain ranges in India.
7 Major Mountain Ranges in India
Here are some interesting facts pertaining to the 7 major mountain ranges in India
1. The Himalayan Range: Translated in Sanskrit, Himalaya literally means “Abode of Snow”. The Himalayan range is the youngest mountain range in India and it also a new fold mountain that was formed millions of years ago by the collision of 3 tectonic plates. Almost every highest peak in the world is located in the Himalayan Mountain. On average, the Himalaya have peaks that are in excess of 100 and their combined height is in excess of 7200m. Namcha Barwa and Nanga Parbat are considered to be the eastern and western points of the Himalayas respectively. Any discussion on the Himalayas would remain incomplete without the mention of Mount Everest, which is the highest peak in the world standing at a height of 8848 meters. As mentioned, Himalaya is the source of some of the most important rivers in India like the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Indus. Himalaya has been playing an instrumental role for thousands of years when it comes to regulating the climate of India; especially of North India. It prevents cold air from the other side to enter the Indian mainland during the winters
2. The Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range: The Karakoram and Pir Panjal range are situated on the North-Western and Southern part of the Himalayan range. A significant portion of the Karakoram Range is located in the disputed territory between India and Pakistan. It needs to be mentioned, that both the countries have declared their claims over it. The Karakoram Range, which has a length of up to 500 km, has numerous largest peaks in the world. K2 or Mount Godwin Austin is the second largest peak in the world which stands at a height of 8,611 meters, lies in the range of Karakoram. Another extension of the Karakoram range is the Hindu-Kush.and it runs in the country of Afghanistan. The Karakoram Range has the most number of glaciers in the world. The Siachen Glacier is the world’s second-largest glacier and the Biafo Glacier is the world’s 3rd largest one. Both of these glaciers are located in the Karakoram Range. As far as the Pir Panjal Range is concerned, it is located in the Southern section of the Himalayas, which starts from the state of Himachal Pradesh in India and runs in the north-west direction towards Jammu & Kashmir. This particular range is also called the “Lower Himalayas”. Many rivers like Chenab, Ravi, and Jhelum flow through this range. Gulmarg, one of the most important hill stations in India is located in this range.
3. The Purvanchal Range or the Eastern Mountain Range: The Purvanchal range is usually considered to be the extension of the Himalayas in the Eastern section of India. The process of formation of this particular range is quite similar to that of the Himalayas itself. However, when it comes to height, it is not as high as the Himalayas. The Eastern Mountain Range of the Purvanchal Range comprises of three different parts. They are:
· The Patkai-Bum Hill
· Lushai Hill, which is also known as Mizo Hill, and
· Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills
Mawsynram in the state of Meghalaya is considered to be the wettest place in the world as a result of the presence of these hills. This place is located in the Khasi Hills. All the Eastern States of India are covered by this range and they are also commonly known as “Seven Sisters”
4. The Vindhya and Satpura Range: The Vindhya and Satpura Range is located in Central India and both of these ranges are running parallel to each other. The Satpura Range is higher in terms of length among the two and is the source of many important rivers Tapti and Narmada. Both Vindhya and Satpura are located in the state of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh with some of their parts being extended to the states of Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. The Kalumar Peak, which is 752 meters tall in terms of height and the Dhupgarh Peak, which is 1350 meters tall are respectively the highest points in the Satpura and Vindhya Range. These ranges are very popular tourist destinations and are known for numerous different tourists spots like Kanha National Park, Pachmarhi Hill Station, Omkareshwar Temple, and Amarkantak
5. The Aravalli Range: This is the oldest mountain range in India, besides; it is also the oldest one in the world! The width of this range differs from 10 to 100 km. In local dialect, the name “Aravalli” is translated into “Line of Peaks”. This range covers a distance of 800 km, which covers the states of Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana. The Aravalli range plays an instrumental role when it comes to controlling the climate of India, as it acts as blocked for the winds that carry rain and prevent them from reaching the Thar Desert. The highest point of the Aravalli Range is Guru Sikhar, which has an elevation of 1722m. This range is known for multiple different tourist attractions. It has only one hill station, which is Mount Abu and it is located in the state of Rajasthan. The famous city of Udaipur in the state of Rajasthan is located on the Southern Slope of this range. It is also known by the name of “Venice of the East”. Various rivers flow through this range which includes Luni, Sabarmati, and Banas.
6. The Western Ghats: The Western Ghats is a long mountain range and it covers an area of 1600m. It runs from the state of Gujarat to Kanyakumari, which is located on the Southern tip of India. This mountain range is also known by the name of “Sahyadri Mountains”. The Western Ghats comprises different mountain ranges like Cardamom, Anaimalai, and Nilgiris. The Tapti River originates in these mountain ranges in the state of Gujarat, which runs parallel to the Arabian Sea as it crosses the states of Goa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. The highest peak of this range is Anaimalai Hills which has an elevation of 2695 meters and is located in the state of Kerala. Western Ghats has been declared as one of the World Heritage Sited by UNESCO. It comes with the biodiversity of great nature. This range is the home to different types of mammal species; 139 to be precise, here nearly 508 bird species can be found, along with 250 reptile species and 179 amphibian species. There are many famous tourist attractions that are located in this place which include Ooty, Jog Falls, and Bandipur National Park. The important rivers of this range are Kaveri, Godavari, and Krishna
7. The Eastern Ghats: This mountain range runs parallel to the Bay of Bengal in the Eastern region of India Peninsula. In terms of elevation, this mountain range is lower when compared with the Western Ghats and is non-continuous. This range runs through the states of Orissa, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. Arma Konda is the highest peak of this range and has an elevation of 1680 meters. The Eastern Ghats have played a very important role when it comes to India’s agriculture. Four major rivers of India; Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri, and Krishna flows into the Bay of Bengal through the Eastern Ghats. These rivers have played an instrumental role in creating a highly fertile region in the states they flow through, and made them highly favorable for rice cultivation. Compared to the Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats are older and there are some important pilgrim sites that are located here. The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in the state of Andhra Pradesh is one of them. The two major cities that are located in the Eastern Ghats are Bhubaneswar and Visakhapatnam
These are the seven major mountain ranges in India. They have played a major role in regulating and controlling the climate of this country. Besides, they are absolutely significant when it comes to maintaining the environmental and ecological balances