30 Interesting Facts about Burma
6 days ago in Education
Myanmar, which was formerly known as Burma is a country located in the South-Eastern part of Asia and it contains more than 100 different ethnic groups. The country borders Bangladesh, India, Laos, Thailand, and China. Yangon, which was formerly known as Rangoon is the largest city of this country and it is the home to some of the most buzzing market places, different lakes, and parks. Besides, the Shwedagon Pagoda, which contains the relics of Buddhism is a prime attraction of this place.
The population of Burma is 55,622,506, according to a census that was carried out in the year 2018. Burmese is the official language that is spoken in this country. “Kyat” is the official currency of Burma. At Burma, a Parliamentary Republic form of government exists.
When it comes to the climate, this region primarily experiences tropical monsoon and most part of the year remains cloudy with patches of rain; ranging from heavy showers to drizzles. The summer in this country is quite hot and humid, while the level of humidity decreases during the winter.
A Brief History of Burma
As far as the early history of Burma is concerned, it is dominated by the rules of different Burmese dynasties. The country was first unified in 1044 CE under the Began Dynasty. It was during their rule, Buddhism flourished in Burma. However, in the year 1287, the country was invaded by the Mongols who took control of the entire region
Geography and Climate of Burma
With a long and extended coastline that Burma has, which borders the Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea. The topography of this country is dominated by coastal mountains. Hkakabo Razi is the highest peak of Burma, which has risen up to a height of 19,295 feet. The climate here is considered to be tropical monsoon type and experiences hot and humid summers. The country experiences monsoon from the month of June till September. December to April is the time for the winter season in Burma.
It needs to be mentioned in this regard that Burma is prone to different types of natural hazards like cyclones. For instance, in May 2008 the Rangoon and Irrawaddy division was hit by Cyclone Nargis which wiped off many villages, leaving at least 1, 38,000 people dead
Amazing Facts about Burma that might Interest you
Here are some of the interesting and fun facts about the country
1) Burma has a considerably bigger landmass that extends up to 2, 61,227 square miles of area. However, according to the census carried out in the year 2014, the population of the country was figured out to be only 51 million. This figure clearly states that Burma is an under-populated country
2) There was a shift of Capital in Burma in the year 2005. The capital was shifted from Yangon, which was formerly known as Rangoon to Naypyidaw. It, however, needs to be mentioned that Rangoon still remains to be the largest city of Burma
3) The topography of Burma is dominated by mountains of various sizes. Many precious stones can be found in these mountains. You would be amazed to know that Burma produces around 90% of the rubies in the world. Stones like Jade and Sapphires are also found in abundance. Burma has always been a place of interest for gem retailers over the last couple of centuries
4) Besides the United States and Liberia, Burma is the only country in the world that has not adopted the metric system for measurement. In 2013, the Burmese government declared that they are planning to migrate to the metric form of measurement
5) There was a time when Burma had the strictest policies in the world, as far as internet censorship is concerned. There have been numerous incidents when the bloggers were thrown behind bars for posting materials that allegedly depicted the problems of the country. There was a time when one had to submit his passport to the internet cafes
6) It was until 2013, Burma couldn’t buy Coca-Cola. It was, however, not the only country that was deprived of the taste of this amazing soft drink. North-Korea and Cuba were the other two countries.
7) The Southeast Asian Game, which is an Olympic-style competition where countries of South-East Asia participate was hosted in Burma in the year 2013, Prior to this, it was in the year 1969 when Burma hosted this event
8) After Afghanistan, Burma is the second-largest exporter of opium in the world. Opium export contributes to a huge segment of the country’s export
9) At Rangoon, you can find the Shwedagon Pagoda, which is considered to be the most sacred of all the Buddhist pagodas. It is believed that this pagoda contains relics that belonged to four Buddha; which include hair from Gautama Buddha himself.
10) Compared to the last couple of decades, Burma has now become much easier for tourists to access. Various government initiatives have been taken over the years in order to facilitate and promote tourism. The use of ATMs are becoming popular, the internet policies have made more soft and reasonable than what it used to be before.
11) Those who are planning to visit Burma; they simply cannot afford to miss out on the train journey. The trains in Myanmar sway and bounce slowly along the tracks which were laid down during the colonial period. Gokteik Viaduct, which is located at a height of 335 feet is one of the world’s highest railway trestles
12) The YSX or Yangon Stock Exchange came into existence in the year 2016
13) It was only in the year 2014; the e-visa system was introduced in Burma. This allows tourists to apply for a visa online these days. Once the visa gets approved, all that they need to do is to present the printed letter at an immigration office in order to receive the visa stamp that would last for 30 days
14) There are some areas in Burma that are off-limits to travelers and tourists. If you wish to visit these restricted areas, in that case, you would require special permissions; however, the Government of Burma advice tourists to stay away from these areas as some of these areas are considered to be the hotbed for violence and criminal activities
15) As far as international flights to Burma from the Western countries are concerned, they are non –existent
16) In Burma, women and in certain cases men, wear a yellowish paste that is made from the bark of a ground tree. They apply this paste on their neck, cheeks, and nose. This paste is known as Thanaka and helps to cool the skin and also plays a major role in protecting the skin from sun damage. It has also proven to be quite useful when it comes to clearing up acne and when ingested, can help reduce headaches and fevers.
17) In Burma, there is common attire which is used by both men and women. It is known as longyi. The patterns of longyi differ distinctly between men and women. The designs that are used for women are known as acheik and they are tied in a different way, as opposed to the ones used by men.
18) You would be interested to know that Burma was under the rule of British from the mid 19th century. This place was also occupied by Japan during the 2nd World War. Eventually, Burma gained independence in the year 1948
19) For many decades, most of the cars in Burma were imported from Japan where the right-hand drive is practiced. In the year 2017, a ban was imposed by the Myanmar government on right-hand drive
20) You would be interested to know that nearly 80% of the population of Burma are Buddhists
21) A typical Burmese meal includes rice, meat, fish, vegetables, and soup
22) More than half of the country’s GDP is dependent on agriculture
23) This is really funny! When the locals want to get the attention of a waiter, they make a kissing sound!
24) Burma has a “National Pastime”! It is chewing betel nuts!
25) Chinlone is the traditional sport of Burma. It is a combination of dance and sport with no opponents to compete with
26) There are 33 letters in the Burmese language no spaces are used in between words
27) Myanmar’s time is 6hours 30 minutes ahead of GMT
28) Burma has participated in every single Summer Olympic since 1948 but never won a single medal
29) In Burma, the windows of the trains are used as doors to push in fruits and vegetables
30) India’s relations with Burma have improved since the late 80s. Prior to this period, there used to be tension between these two countries on drug trafficking, military rule in Burma and various other issues