20 Main Differences between Urban and Rural Life.
one month ago in Education
Rural or Urban, both types of living have their own struggles and advantages. Based on the Population density, development, convenience, job opportunities, education and others, Human Settlement is Broadly Divided into Categories- Rural and Urban.
According to Work bank data, 66% of Population of India lives in rural areas. Rural and Urban areas have a lot of differences in India, Urban areas in India have Great Infrastructures, Good Education, Modern day facilities, Stable Electricity, Internet access, Unlimited growth opportunities and Stronger transport connectivity. On the Other Hand in Rural areas there is still a lack of infrastructures, health care facilities, weak transport connectivity and other basic facilities like toilets and clean water.
Learn the Main Differences between an Urban Life and Rural Life below-
1.Urban areas are very developed, they have access to all modern facilities and comforts of life. They also offer greater economic opportunities.
According to the Census of India 2011,the following areas are defined as Urban.:
- All the places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee,
- A minimum population of 5,000
- At least 75 percent of the male main working population engaged in non-agricultural activities
- Population density of at least 400 persons per sq.km.
Key Pointers in Urban Areas.
- Rate of Urbanisation and Industrialization is Quite High in Urban settlement.
- Urban areas are Highly Populated.
- Per Capita Income is higher in Urban Areas which enables a higher standard of living too.
- Urban Settlements have Man- Made Surroundings and thus have lesser greenery and more of built environments.
- The people residing in urban areas are involved in trade, commerce or service sectors.
- Cities, suburbs and Towns are named as Urban areas.
- Metropolitan Areas are created in a deliberate manner as indicated by the process of urbanization and industrialization.
- Urban Areas have Higher Literacy Rate, Well Maintained Infrastructures like Schools, Colleges, Hospitals.
- Sufficient Medical Facilities are available, Well Known Universities and Educational institutes are there in urban areas to provide high quality education.
- Variety of Hotels and Chain of Restaurants are available which provides better food, comfortable and luxurious stay.
- Quality of life in Urban Settlement is Complicated, Competitive, fast and Challenging.
- Technological Advancement is Faster in Urban Areas.
- Transport Connectivity is Stronger with airports, railways and roads.
- Urban people are quite busy so they seldom take part in each other’s lives, they may or may not be religious at all and prefer science and tech above all.
- Urban Land is Scarce.
- In Comparison to rural areas, growth opportunities are available to everyone regardless of gender, caste or religion. Social Barriers are minimal.
- Cinema Halls, theatres, and Multiplexes are there for the delight of Urban Residents.
- There is a lot of air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution in City Life.
- City Residents like to maintain distance and keep their daily schedules to themselves so unity in city residents is seldom as they do not gather much excluding occasions like Weddings and Festivals.
- Urban Residents can access High Speed Internet.
2. Rural area is the geographical region located in the outer parts of the cities or towns.
According to National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), the areas which qualifies the following is considered as “rural”
- Population density of up to 400 per square kilometer.
- No municipal board but Villages with a clear surveyed boundaries.
- At Least 75 percent of male working population are engaged in agriculture and allied activities.
Key Pointers in Rural Areas.
- Rate of Urbanisation and Industrialization is Quite Slow in Rural settlement.
- Rural areas are Sparsely Populated.
- Per Capita Income is Lower in Rural Areas in comparison to Urban.
- Rural Settlements have a lot of Natural Surroundings and thus have a lot of greenery and connection with nature.
- Rural Residents have Agriculture, Cottage Industries and Animal Husbandry as their Primary source of Income.
- Rural Settlement Includes Villages and Hamlets, they are also called as “Countryside areas”.
- Develepment in Rural areas is based on the availability of natural vegetation and fauna in the locale.
- Rural Areas lack Good Infrastructures.
- Medical Facilities are not easily accessible by Rural Residents, there is a lack of healthcare professionals, high quality Hospitals and clinics. Travelling long distances to reach these places from rural areas makes it very complicated for rural residents.
- Rural People are Self Sustainable, they consume their own fresh produce and they have limited access to fast food restaurants.
- Quality of Life is Simple and Relaxed.
- Technological Advancement is Slower in Urban Areas.
- Transport Connectivity is Poor, there are still a lot of kaccha roads in villages which makes it difficult to travel.
- Rural People are more religious and possess traditional knowledge, believe in Superstitions but they cherish the environment where they live and they are quite involved in each other’s lives.
- Rural Areas do not have Land Shortage.
- A lot of discrimination happens in rural areas on the basis of social status, gender, caste and religion.
- People who reside in Rural areas enjoy their free time with their families at home having conversations, dwell in their wide open beautiful spaces and connect with nature.
- The Air and water is clean but there are a few areas as well which lack clean drinking water, there are no traffic jams only peace, silence and sunshine which can make you deeply satisfied and calm.
- Rural Areas have Tight Knit Communities who meet very often through regular gatherings. Rural residents can rely on their neighbor when in need.
- Little to no access to high speed internet.
We can conclude that there is a lot of contrast between urban and rural areas in india although the difference is decreasing and the government is taking many initiatives to avail basic facilities in rural areas in affordable prices and give access to technology so that every individual regardless of where he or she resides can grow and utilise the opportunities and resources.